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Knowing Diabetes, its Types, Diagnosis and Treatment

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12 Nov 2022, 02:24 GMT+10

What is Diabetes?

The process by which your body turns food into energy is affected by Diabetes, a chronic (long-lasting) health disorder.

Our body converts most of the food we eat into sugar (glucose), then releases it into the blood. The pancreas is notified by an increase in blood sugar to release insulin. Insulin let's blood sugar into your body's cells for energy. In Diabetes, your body can't use this insulin as effectively or doesn't produce enough of it.

Increased blood sugar persists in the bloodstream when insufficient insulin or cells cease reacting to insulin. Thus, Diabetes, a non-communicable disease, can lead to several health-related conditions, including kidney disease, eyesight loss, heart disease and problems in bed. If you are having trouble in bed, you can take Kamagra tablets or Kamagra jelly to treat the erection problem.

Although there isn't a cure for Diabetes, regulating body weight, eating right, and exercising can tremendously help.

What are the different types of Diabetes?

Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational Diabetes are the most prevalent forms of the disease.

Type 1 Diabetes

An autoimmune disease like Diabetes of this kind causes the body to attack itself. In this situation, your pancreas' insulin-producing cells die. Type 1 Diabetes affects children and young adults. Type 1 Diabetes is also known as "juvenile" Diabetes. Also, those who have Type 1 Diabetes must take insulin daily. It is also known as 'insulin-dependent Diabetes.'

Type 2 Diabetes

Having type 2 Diabetes may cause you to have poor insulin production or usage. Type 2 Diabetes can strike at any age, even in infancy. However, those in their middle years and older are most likely to develop this kind of Diabetes. It is one of the most prevalent kinds of Diabetes. These might also cause trouble in the bedroom. Kamagra tablets and Kamagra oral jelly can help treat these issues.

Gestational Diabetes

Some women experience the onset of Gestational Diabetes during pregnancy. After the baby is born, this type of Diabetes typically doesn't last long. However, if you have a pregnancy, Diabetes increases your likelihood of developing type 2 Diabetes.

How is Diabetes diagnosed?

Your blood glucose level is checked to diagnose Diabetes. Three tests can determine your blood glucose level: an A1c test, a random glucose test, and a fasting glucose test.

  • Fasting plasma glucose test: As mentioned, it is a test to This test is performed after an eight-hour fast (preferably in the morning).

  • Random plasma glucose test: This glucose test can be performed without fasting.

  • A1c test results: An individual's average blood glucose level over the last two to three months is provided by this test, also known as HbA1C or Glycated Hemoglobin test. This examination evaluates the quantity of glucose bound to Hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in your red blood cells.

Diabetes can be diagnosed with other tests like the following:

  • Oral glucose tolerance test: After an overnight fast, blood glucose levels are first tested in this test. You then sip a sweet beverage. Then, your blood glucose level is assessed after one, two, and three hours. This test is generally done to determine Gestational Diabetes.

  • Blood and urine samples will be taken and tested if your healthcare professional suspects you have Type 1 Diabetes. Checks are made for autoantibodies in the blood. The presence of ketones in the urine is examined. These symptoms are a marker of Type 1 Diabetes.

How is Diabetes treated?

It would help if you took actions to alleviate your risk factors under control and within the normal range to manage Diabetes as effectively as possible, such as:

You can keep your blood glucose levels near normal by adhering to a nutrition regimen, taking prescribed medicine, and increasing your activity level.

Maintain your triglyceride and blood cholesterol (HDL and LDL levels) as close to your normal ranges as possible.

Maintain blood pressure control. Your BP shouldn't be more than 140/90 mmHg.

Follow a healthy diet and plan your meals accordingly. Adopt a diet emphasizing fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and healthy fats. These diets are low on calories, fats, fibers, and nutrients.

For assistance with understanding nutrition and meal planning, consult a qualified dietitian. If you want to experiment with your partner and need to try any pill for the same, be cautious.

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Exercise regularly: Try to get at least 30 minutes of exercise. Walk, swim, or engage in other extracurricular activities.

Achieve an appropriate weight. Create a weight-loss plan with the assistance of your medical team.

Take prescription medication and insulin as directed and according to the scheduled time.

Keep track of your blood pressure and blood sugar levels at home.

Keeping your doctor's appointments and completing the laboratory tests they order is essential.

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Conclusion

The body can't correctly handle and utilize the glucose from your food if you have Diabetes. There are various forms of Diabetes, and they are all characterized by an excess of glucose in the blood. Insulin or medicines are used as treatments. Adopting a healthy lifestyle can help prevent some types of Diabetes.

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