Fri, 09 Jun 2023

A Starter Guide for Aviation Industry Terminology

10 Jun 2022, 19:24 GMT+10

If you've come to this page, you've probably heard of the aviation sector and want to learn more about it. There is a significant difference between aviation industry and airline terminology. The aviation business is a conglomeration of service and product companies that revolves entirely on the use of airplanes for commercial, private, and military purposes. Manufacturing, maintenance, and operation of airplanes and airports for commercial and private reasons are all part of the aviation industry. Early hot-air balloons, airships, military fighter jets, gliders, commercial jetliners (passenger and freight), turboprop airplanes, light aircraft, and unmanned aerial vehicles are all part of the aviation business. To put it another way, every instrument developed for controlled flight falls within the umbrella of the global aviation industry. The history, classifications, and operations of the global aviation sector are all covered in this article.


The history of aviation can be traced back to the 18th century with the development and commercial operations of hot-air balloons. The Wright Brothers made a mark in the early 1900s when they invented the first ever controllable motor-powered flight on a fixed-wing aircraft. This breakthrough paved the way for a slew of new prospects and drew in investors and military businesses to continue working on it. High-performance airplanes and competent pilots, engineers, technicians, and navigators were developed throughout both World Wars. Following World War II, the governments of the United States, the United Kingdom, France, and Germany began to work on the commercial use of airplanes.Military flying operations in Europe and the United States eventually evolved into huge commercial aircraft and airports with first-class accommodations and services for passengers. The world wars generated a high number of flight and ground crew members, who helped lay the groundwork for the commercial aviation business.

Operations of Aviation Industry

In general, aviation is divided into two categories.

Civil Aviation

All types of aircraft used for personal, educational, and commercial reasons are classified under civil aviation. The following divisions are included in civil aviation.

General Aviation

General aviation is defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) as any civil aviation operations other than scheduled air services and non-scheduled air transport operations for employment or remuneration. In general aviation, the following operations are prevalent. With the exception of scheduled flight service, this word encompasses all aspects of civil aviation including:

  • Aerial firefighting
  • Aerial photography
  • Aerobatics
  • Air ambulance
  • Air charter
  • Air racing
  • Air shows
  • Airship
  • Ballooning
  • Bush flying
  • Experimental aircraft
  • Flight training
  • Gliding
  • Parachuting
  • Pest control
  • Police aviation
  • Search and rescue
  • Small Aircraft Transportation System
  • Tourism (Sightseeing)
  • Traffic reporting

Commercial Air Transport

Commercial air transport is regarded as any aircraft operation that transports passengers, freight, or mail for earning or lease. It encompasses both scheduled and unscheduled air transport activities.

Scheduled Vs Non-scheduled Air Transportation

Scheduled and non-scheduled operations are the two types of commercial air transportation. Airlines execute scheduled operations after acquiring an operator certificate from the relevant competitive authority. It involves scheduled passenger and freight transportation from a hub airport to numerous destinations in accordance with ICAO, national civil aviation authority, and other regional guidelines and laws.

Non-Scheduled Operation refers to any air transportation service that is not a scheduled air transport service and is either charter or non-scheduled. It is illegal for the operator to announce a timetable or sell tickets to clients.

Military Aviation

Military aviation includes specially designed military aircraft used to carry out or facilitate aerial combat, as well as national airlift capability used to support troops deployed in a war zone. Airpower refers to the national means of conducting such combat, which includes the intersection of transportation and warfare. Military aircraft include bombers, fighters, transporters, trainer planes, and reconnaissance planes. Military aviation employs light aircraft, cargo/troop carriers, fighter jets, helicopters, seaplanes, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Military aviation operations include training, logistics, bombardment, surveillance, and air to air and air to ground combat.

Major Contributors to the Global Aviation Industry

The ecology, resources, availability, and pricing of the product or service all play a role in the success of any sector or corporation. The aviation sector collaborates with other industries in order to benefit both parties. The following elements of the aviation sector are considered to be the most crucial:

Aircraft Manufacturers

The aircraft industry contributes to aviation by manufacturing planes and aircraft parts. Civil and military aviation aircraft and parts are also included. The vast bulk of manufacturing adheres to government-issued type certifications and Defense Standards. The more general term aerospace industry has largely replaced this term.

Aircraft Maintenance Industry

Aircraft maintenance is a highly regulated industry that necessitates certified Maintenance, Repair, and Overhaul (MRO) professionals to undertake a stringent routine of scheduled or precautionary maintenance, safety checks, testing, restoration, overhaul, or modification operations on every aircraft in service.


It is a complete air transportation system with its own equipment, routes, crews, and management. In aviation, airlines are classified into three types: legacy or network airlines, low-cost carriers (LCCs), and cargo airlines.

Air Forces

In the military, the Air Force is primarily responsible for transportation and logistics, maritime intelligence gathering, search and rescue, and disaster response.

Flying Schools

A school where students learn to fly planes. The primary goal of flight training is to provide the knowledge, experience, skills, and safety precautions that will serve as the foundation for any airplane.

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